diamond head oil refinery div.


The Diamond Head Oil site is located at 1401 Harrison Avenue in Kearny, New Jersey. The site, an oil reprocessing facility, was in operation from February 1, 1946 to early 1979. Currently the site is inactive and consists of approximately 15 acres of vacant land. The site is comprised of wetland areas and drainage ditches, a small wetland/pond, a vegetated landfill area along the western border of the site, and remnants of the former Diamond Head Oil Refinery on the eastern portion of the site. During facility operations, two above-ground storage tanks and possibly underground pits were used to store oily wastes. These wastes were intermittently discharged directly to adjacent properties, including the wetland area to the south of the site, creating an “oil lake”. The abandoned refinery portion of the site contains various construction debris, including foundations of the former on-site building and also of two former above-ground storage tanks. The New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) acquired the property south of the site in 1968. In 1977, NJDOT began construction of Interstate 280 and was reported to have removed over 10 million gallons of oil-contaminated water and over 230,000 cubic yards of oily sludge from the “lake”. In addition, approximately 7,500 gallons of material were pumped out of the tanks and disposed of off site. Twenty-seven tons of contaminated soil were also removed in 1982. The liquid wastes were, shipped to waste-oil recycling facilities. The oil-contaminated sludges from the bottom of the Oil Lake were excavated and placed in a series of disposal cells, one atop the MSLA 1-D Landfill, and a series of smaller cells within the right-of-way (ROW) to the highway, next to the then still-operating oil reprocessing facility. The details of these disposal efforts are not well documented, but a simple liner and a clay-based capping material were to be part of the disposal efforts for the sludges. While the surficial Oil Lake was removed and filled, the NJDOT also reported finding an "underground lake" of oil-contaminated -groundwater extending from the eastern limits of the 1-280 right-of-way to Frank's Creek, west of the site. Site Responsibility: This site is being addressed through Federal actions

Hazardous Ranking Score

30 / 100

A score of 28.5 or higher qualifies a site for the Superfund National Priority List.

Regional Contact

Region 2
Phone: (877) 251-4575

Contact Region



Site Inspection
Preliminary Assessment
Final Listing On NPL

Contaminants & Health Effects

      Endocrine Disrupter
      Reproductive Toxin
      Persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic


        African American
        American Indian and Alaska Native
        Native Hawaiian


        People living
        within a 1 mile radius


        Average Income


        Occupied homes

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