vestal water supply well 1-1


The Vestal Water Supply Well 1-1 is located on the southern bank of the Susquehanna River in the Town of Vestal. An industrial park is located immediately to the southeast of the well, along Stage Road. Several marshy areas and drainage ditches encompass and interlace the industrial park. The western portion of the site includes a water district well field, a soccer field, and a fire department training center. Well 1-1 is one of three production wells in Water District 1 intended to provide drinking water to several water districts in the Vestal area. The well is moderately contaminated with several volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including 1,1,1-trichloroethane and trichloroethylene. Well 1-1 was the main source of water for District 1 until 1980, when it was closed. Well 1-2 became the main source of water until 1988, when it was closed due to mechanical failure. Well 1-3 became the primary source of water for Water District 1, until replacement Well 1-2A was installed by the Town of Vestal. Well 1-1A, which was constructed during EPA's remedial activities at this site to replace failing Well 1-1, is now being used as an extraction well to treat the contaminated groundwater through an associated air stripping facility. The original Vestal Water Supply Site also contained Well 4-2 in Water District 4. However, this well was separated into its own NPL site, Vestal Water Supply Well 4-2, when it was discovered that Well 1-1 and Well 4-2 were contaminated by two separate sources. Well 1-1 has pumped groundwater into the Susquehanna River since 1980, in order to prevent the contaminant plume from affecting other District 1 wells. Approximately 27,000 people reside in the Town of Vestal, and approximately 17,000 rely on public water supplies for drinking water. Site Responsibility: This Site is being addressed through Federal and State actions.

Hazardous Ranking Score

38 / 100

A score of 28.5 or higher qualifies a site for the Superfund National Priority List.

Regional Contact

Region 2
Phone: (877) 251-4575

Contact Region



Site Inspection
Preliminary Assessment
Final Listing On NPL

Contaminants & Health Effects

      Endocrine Disrupter
      Reproductive Toxin
      Persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic


        African American
        American Indian and Alaska Native
        Native Hawaiian


        People living
        within a 1 mile radius


        Average Income


        Occupied homes

        Potentially Responsible Parties

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